: Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Proto-Koiarian

Source/Author:  Thomas Edward Dutton 
Identifiers:  ISO-639-3:  Glottocode: koia1260 
Notes:  Dutton, Thomas Edward. 2010. Reconstructing Proto Koiarian: the history of a Papuan language family. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.

Koiarian consists of two branches: Koiaric and Baraic. Unless otherwise indicated by "PKr" or "PBc," all reconstructions are Proto-Koiarian.

PKr = Proto-Koiaric
PBc = Proto-Baraic 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By:  
  • Total Data: 164
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 0
Classification:  Trans-New Guinea:Southeast Papuan:Koiarian 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 


Change History:

Showing all of 2 entries


ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
175 above *ada top    
191 all      
192 and *-gé      
146 ash *utuɣu PKr    
146 ash *tuʔu- PBc    
173 at *-fe locative noun suffix: 'at, to, from'    
13 back word info      
165 bad, evil *sise- PBc    
14 belly      
176 below      
153 big *barug(e,a) PKr    
97 bird *ugu(fa)      
147 black *aja PBc    
23 blood *taɣo blood    
15 bone *(ʔ)adV PBc    
113 branch word info *ada arm, hand, branch, wing    
18 breast *amu      
18 breast *m(u,o)sV PBc    
56 child *ɣami      
131 cloud word info *ʔimitiV. *isu both words: PBc    
139 cold word info      
166 correct, true      
168 day *vani PKr: 'sun, day'    
168 day *maja- PBc: 'sun'    
168 day *ve PBc: 'sun, day'    
10 dirty      
96 dog *to PKr    
96 dog *(ʔ,k)uo PBc    
140 dry word info *giri      
82 dull, blunt      
11 dust      
43 ear *gada PBc    
119 earth/soil *vata PKr: 'ground, earth'    
119 earth/soil *saka PBc: 'ground, earth'    
98 egg *uni egg, kernel    
204 Eight word info      
45 eye *ni      
180 far      
104 fat/grease      
60 father *baba term of address    
60 father *mama term of reference    
99 feather *fómo hair, fur, feather    
99 feather *ui PBc: 'hair, fur, feathers'    
208 Fifty word info      
143 fire *vené fire, firewood    
111 fish      
201 Five word info      
116 flower      
132 fog      
200 Four word info      
117 fruit *bai      
164 good *maɣe      
164 good *maʔi      
118 grass      
151 green      
26 hair word info      
1 hand *ada arm, hand, branch, wing    
184 he/she *afu      
24 head *kina PKr    
142 heavy *isu      
61 house *arV PBc: 'house, place, land'    
194 how? word info      
57 husband *baru PBc: 'man, husband'    
182 I *da PKr    
182 I *na PBc    
193 if *-ne(i) medial verb suffix: 'if, when'    
174 in, inside      
16 intestines *de stomach, intestines, feces    
126 lake      
114 leaf *fana      
2 left      
4 leg/foot *díʔ- PBc: 'leg'    
135 lightning      
17 liver *va PBc    
155 long word info *ege      
108 louse word info *ʔumu      
54 man/male *ata PKr: 'man'    
54 man/male *mo PKr: 'male, boy, male child'    
103 meat/flesh *mi animal, game, meat    
129 moon *bata PKr    
109 mosquito *un(a,u) PKr: 'mosquito, gnat'    
59 mother *neina PKr    
30 mouth *irV PBc    
63 name *ifí      
158 narrow      
179 near      
25 neck *seno      
25 neck *tu PKr: 'nape of neck'    
68 needle      
163 new *isa PKr: new, uncooked, raw, young    
167 night *vafi      
167 night *na(ʔ,k)i- PBc    
205 Nine word info      
195 no, not *bé      
195 no, not *vefite PKr    
27 nose *uri      
162 old word info *mami      
197 One word info *(i,o)gau      
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
190 other      
160 painful, sick *vi(ʔ,k)e PBc: verb    
53 person/human being *bia people (of)    
53 person/human being *e PBc    
133 rain *ven(í,e)      
102 rat      
149 red *kavu PBc    
3 right      
6 road/path *ɣuma PKr: 'path, road'    
115 root *umu-ka PKr: 'root, base'    
65 rope *ɣote PKr: 'vine, string, rope'    
65 rope *kai PBc: 'string, rope'    
112 rotten word info *sag(o,a)- PBc    
125 salt *misV PBc    
121 sand *ajarV PBc    
124 sea      
203 Seven word info      
81 sharp      
154 short word info *tuʔuaké      
19 shoulder *bag(u,i,o) PKr    
19 shoulder *sirefi PBc    
161 shy, ashamed      
202 Six word info      
12 skin *vata      
128 sky      
152 small *(e,i)se      
145 smoke word info *uʔV PBc    
106 snake *tabarV PBc    
110 spider      
130 star *didi      
79 stick/wood *idí tree, stick, pole, log    
120 stone *muni      
105 tail *(t,d)ete PKr    
105 tail *ivienV PBc    
206 Ten word info      
178 that *eke PKr    
178 that *ga- PBc    
62 thatch/roof      
187 they *yabu      
157 thick word info *aduné      
156 thin word info      
177 this *oko PKr    
183 thou *a      
199 Three word info      
134 thunder      
41 to bite *ua-ɣa- PKr    
41 to bite *jaʔi- PBc    
137 to blow word info *ufu- blow fire (to make it burn)    
137 to blow word info *fuasi- 'blow (fire)'    
28 to breathe      
144 to burn word info *ra-ɣa- intransitive    
144 to burn word info *maɣo(i)- PKr: 'to burn, cook (by burning)'    
91 to buy *f(u)ae-v- buy, sell, barter    
38 to chew word info *nana-      
85 to choose      
172 to climb word info *ají- PBc: 'to ascend, go up'    
7 to come *roɣo-      
39 to cook word info *amufa- to cook (in ground on hot stones), mumu    
39 to cook word info *muru- PBc: 'to cook on hot stones'    
196 to count      
34 to cry *ni[na]-      
78 to cut, hack word info *afa- to cut, chop (wood)    
78 to cut, hack word info *vej- PBc: 'to chop, cut down'    
75 to die, be dead *vati- PKr    
90 to dig *karo- to dig up, dig out, harvest (yams)    
90 to dig *rofo- PKr: 'to dig (hole)'    
50 to dream      
40 to drink *i- to eat, drink    
37 to eat *i- to eat, drink    
95 to fall word info *dob(i,a)-      
22 to fear *juhu- PBc: 'to be afraid'    
123 to flow      
101 to fly      
86 to grow word info      
44 to hear *ifi- to hear, understand, feel    
171 to hide word info      
72 to hit word info *ɣa-ma-      
72 to hit word info *kan- PBc    
89 to hold word info      
69 to hunt word info      
74 to kill      
20 to know, be knowledgeable      
33 to laugh *ki(jo)- PBc    
49 to lie down word info *ya-ɣa- PKr: 'to sleep, lie down'    
76 to live, be alive      
92 to open, uncover *arafa- PKr    
84 to plant *va- to plant (garden)    
93 to pound, beat word info      
64 to say *ro(i,u)- to say, speak, talk    
64 to say *kua- PBc: 'to talk, speak'    
77 to scratch word info *tumu- to scratch (skin)    
46 to see *ere-ɣa- PKr    
46 to see *aga- PBc    
67 to sew word info *sigu- to sew up    
70 to shoot word info      
51 to sit *(u)gurama- PKr: 'to sit down'    
51 to sit *fi- PBc: 'to sit' (singular subjects)    
51 to sit *kari- PBc: 'to sit' (plural subjects)    
48 to sleep *ya-ɣa- PKr: 'to sleep, lie down'    
48 to sleep *ni(n)a- PBc: 'to sleep'    
29 to sniff, smell      
36 to spit      
80 to split word info      
88 to squeeze word info      
71 to stab, pierce      
52 to stand *ra-mi- singular subject only    
73 to steal      
42 to suck      
87 to swell word info      
9 to swim *(e,i)so-      
21 to think *ɣuɣu-      
94 to throw word info      
66 to tie up, fasten *tumu-      
8 to turn word info      
35 to vomit *edo(ɣo)-ɣa- PKr    
5 to walk      
83 to work word info *me noun    
47 to yawn      
32 tongue *neme PKr: 'middle tongue'    
32 tongue *bitarV PBc    
31 tooth *gubai PBc    
207 Twenty word info      
198 Two word info *abu(t)i PKr    
198 Two word info *inoki PBc    
138 warm word info *fufune- PKr: 'hot'    
122 water word info *(i)do PBc    
185 we word info *no      
141 wet      
188 what? word info *vadu      
188 what? word info *ono PKr    
188 what? word info *ida PBc    
170 when? word info *veda PBc    
181 where? word info      
148 white *(k,t)ae PKr    
189 who? word info *-are PKr: 'who, which'    
189 who? word info *irara PBc    
159 wide      
58 wife *mabara      
136 wind *uburu wind (breeze)    
100 wing *ada arm, hand, branch, wing    
55 woman/female *maɣina      
127 woods/forest      
107 worm (earthworm)      
169 year      
150 yellow      
186 you *ya      

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