: Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Fwâi

Identifiers:  ISO-639-3:fwa  Glottocode: fwai1237 
Notes:  The lexical data used here come from the book writen by Françoise OZANNE-RIVIERRE and André-Georges HAUDRICOURT, Dictionnaire thématique des langues de la région de Hienghène (Nouvelle-Calédonie) : PIJE – FWÂI – NEMI – JAWE (published in 1982).
This book presents a thematic lexicon and a phonological comparaison of those four languages, based on several fieldworks made by two linguists : André-Georges HAUDRICOURT (in 1959) and Françoise OZANNE-RIVIERRE (1973, 1976, 1978).
The lexicon is translating french words into those four targeted languages. They are spoken on the north-west side of the Grande Terre island in New Caledonia.  
Problems:  Data entry methodology remarks :
- The words with the more general meaning have been entered.
- When possible, only the lexical radicals have been entered here (those radicals are presented by the authors).
- When the lexical item entered is a affixe, it starts or end with a dash
- When several lexical items are possible for a word in the list, the phonological words have been retained before anything else.
Note that there are no comments from the authors on how frequent each word is, when they are all refering to the same notion.
Note as well that there are no comments on borrowings.
- When several lexical items, with no general meaning, correspond to a word in the list, those meaning have been noted in the comments
- The phonetic alphabet used by the authors is partially different from the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) used here ; since the consonnant and vowel systems for Fwâi are presented by the authors, we have been able to transcribe according to the IPA the following sounds :
[s] : [ç]
[y] : [ʝ]

Data entry general remarks :.
- When the lexical item entered is a affixe, it starts or end with a dash.
- If a lexical item is resulting of a lexicalized composition or derivation, the construction resulting in a word is noted by a dash (for instance  pun-ⁿga, ‘hair-of the head’). 
Data Entry:  Typed By: David PIEKUT  Checked By:  
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:New Caledonian:Northern:North:Nemi 


Change History:

Showing 3 of 24 entries. Show ALL logged changes


ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
29 to sniff, smell      
50 to dream      
70 to shoot word info      
104 fat/grease      
118 grass      
178 that      
190 other      
191 all      
208 Fifty word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
177 this -ⁿda      
108 louse word info b. ci:k      
81 sharp cac      
96 dog cawek   45  
12 skin ci:   1  
102 rat ci:ᵐbwi      
86 to grow word info cim      
89 to hold word info cimwi   1  
181 where? word info eβe Without movement    
200 Four word info foβec      
116 flower fũ:      
193 if fwãne      
129 moon fwẽ      
151 green fũɲ      
56 child haok      
7 to come he-me   1  
207 Twenty word info he: kahok Litteraly 'one man'    
197 One word info he:c      
198 Two word info heluk      
205 Nine word info hemen foβac      
202 Six word info hemen he:c      
203 Seven word info hemen heluk      
204 Eight word info hemen heʝen      
144 to burn word info het      
199 Three word info heyen      
1 hand hi   10  
113 branch word info hi-n ce:k May be literally translated by 'arm of the tree'    
100 wing hi-n manik 'bird's arm'    
20 to know, be knowledgeable hina   116  
87 to swell word info hiⁿguk Used as an adjective    
103 meat/flesh hmaβe- Those words are not the lexical root, but the possesse form to which a suffixe or a noun refering to the possessor is attached ('meat of')    
145 smoke word info hmu   2, 76  
11 dust hmu:n-ⁿguc   1, 105  
72 to hit word info hnaβi To whip    
58 wife hno:e      
55 woman/female hno:k      
53 person/human being hno:k (2) woman, female    
4 leg/foot ho   88  
49 to lie down word info ho:k      
16 intestines ho:rhẽ      
180 far ho:t      
194 how? word info hoᵐbe:      
42 to suck huli      
148 white hulo      
154 short word info humwa a.    
153 big hun      
30 mouth hwa      
38 to chew word info hwai b. 'To chew some bark or magnania'    
27 nose hwãⁿdi      
46 to see hwene      
37 to eat hwi-aman   1, 55  
41 to bite hwi: 'To bite in order to eat some meat' 57  
112 rotten word info hɲat   118  
135 lightning hɲonim      
195 no, not hʝa pe:i Negative polarity sentence marker    
110 spider hʝahʝo:k      
90 to dig hʝai To dig    
195 no, not hʝan Negative polarity sentence marker    
5 to walk hʝathok      
90 to dig hʝaβi to havest (yam)    
34 to cry hʝe   80  
123 to flow hʝe      
9 to swim hʝo:m To swim at the surface, the head above the water 97  
161 shy, ashamed ka-hwo:ŋ      
106 snake ka-tholaβi pula:k A very specific sea snake, no general term for 'snake'    
72 to hit word info ka:i To hit/strike/kill without any other specification    
74 to kill ka:i      
54 man/male kahok      
53 person/human being kahok (1) man, male    
159 wide kalaβa      
57 husband kalo:      
150 yellow kari   14  
163 new kaʝa Those lexical items are used for humans; for 'new objects', those items are combined with gaa, illustrated as followed : gaa kaʝa    
17 liver kec   1  
139 cold word info khim      
138 warm word info khiut      
48 to sleep khõule:ŋ      
40 to drink khũⁿdi To drink something cold 6  
40 to drink khũⁿduk To drink something cold 6  
164 good kohʝa Refering to 'good feelings or morality' Refering to 'something (food) that taste good'    
195 no, not koi As a reply meaning 'no' 45  
121 sand kon   1  
127 woods/forest kuc   7  
32 tongue kuehma      
23 blood kura   1, 45  
133 rain kut   1  
192 and ma   2  
75 to die, be dead mac   1  
168 day mala   1, 54  
140 dry word info man Means 'dry' as a river or a fruit    
97 bird manik   1  
76 to live, be alive marip      
140 dry word info maʝuk Means 'dry' as clothes    
149 red maⁿgat      
2 left mo   1, 59  
141 wet moⁿguk      
152 small mwaɲ      
109 mosquito na:ⁿguk      
173 at ne      
131 cloud word info ne:ɲ      
164 good nehʝa      
9 to swim nem To swim under water    
82 dull, blunt neɲ      
185 we word info neᵐbu (excl)    
185 we word info neⁿdu (incl)    
205 Nine word info ni-ᵐboβec      
202 Six word info ni-ᵐbwe:c      
203 Seven word info ni-ᵐbweluk      
204 Eight word info ni-ᵐbweʝen      
201 Five word info nim   1, 15  
209 One Hundred word info nim kahok Litteraly 'five men'    
134 thunder niuk   43  
25 neck no:      
111 fish nuk   9  
22 to fear numwa      
47 to yawn ohaem      
31 tooth pa:-hwa      
120 stone paik   1  
206 Ten word info paiⁿdu   12  
39 to cook word info para:k a.    
64 to say pe:i      
28 to breathe po-hʝe:n hnahna      
83 to work word info po-poɣa      
128 sky poa   75  
19 shoulder pue-hi      
100 wing pun-hi Seems to be used for possessive contruction where the possessor is expressed by a pronoun (for instance : pun-hi means 'her/his wing')    
99 feather pun-manik 'bird's fur'    
26 hair word info pun-ⁿga      
99 feather puni Seems to be used for possessive contruction where the possessor is expressed by a pronoun (for instance: puni-n means 'her/his feather')    
142 heavy pwaluk   10  
117 fruit pwe      
175 above ra French translation : 'en haut'    
189 who? word info rhu:      
189 who? word info rhu:ⁿde      
174 in, inside rhẽ      
176 below rip French translation : 'en bas'    
188 what? word info ta   1  
171 to hide word info ta-hẽⁿdua      
93 to pound, beat word info ta:-ᵐbi: To crush something (like coffee) with the foot    
165 bad, evil ta:c      
84 to plant tami      
95 to fall word info tawa      
92 to open, uncover taɸĩ Those items means 'to open (the eye)' Other items with the meaning of 'opening up something (by cuting/splting it)' have not been selected giving the fact that their use is co-occuring with word refering to tools 37  
51 to sit taⁿgo   42  
44 to hear tena   80  
156 thin word info terep   63  
8 to turn word info tewe:      
66 to tie up, fasten tha:      
94 to throw word info thai      
137 to blow word info thai a.    
85 to choose thamwi      
130 star thanik      
45 eye thãma:      
60 father thãu      
157 thick word info thaᵐbo      
78 to cut, hack word info the-ⁿgane      
142 heavy the:c      
59 mother thẽ      
88 to squeeze word info theᵐbile      
18 breast thi   1  
80 to split word info thiu The translation given in the source lexicon is an intransitive verb (in french 'se séparer'). Its use is illustrated in the following example : 'those people are split in two parties'    
105 tail thiⁿge      
67 to sew word info thoi      
101 to fly thõ:n      
91 to buy thu:      
170 when? word info thẽ:n      
95 to fall word info tiwa      
93 to pound, beat word info to-ᵐbi: To crush something (like coffee) with the hand'    
169 year tok      
52 to stand tu:t      
35 to vomit ũⁿda      
137 to blow word info uβi b.    
158 narrow uᵐbec      
115 root wa:      
65 rope wãk There are a lot of lexical items for the notion rope (part of rope, rope for a specific purpose, rope made up by a special material, etc) The word retained here is the less specific, meaning rope as well as liana    
122 water word info we   2  
182 I wo      
132 fog ça:hmat      
6 road/path çẽ:ⁿdan      
36 to spit çuhma      
61 house ŋa   1  
33 to laugh ŋa:n   110  
179 near ŋeŋeno      
77 to scratch word info ɟawi      
21 to think ɲiɲami      
160 painful, sick ɸali:c      
40 to drink ɸelo To drink something hot    
40 to drink ɸeloi To drink something hot    
98 egg ɸi      
147 black ɸi:ŋ      
196 to count ɸine      
143 fire ʝa:k      
63 name ʝat   1, 18  
140 dry word info ʝaᵐbwat Means 'dry' as clothes    
184 he/she ʝe      
187 they ʝele (plural)    
187 they ʝelu (dual)    
172 to climb word info ʝoβa-ta      
162 old word info βahi      
69 to hunt word info βai      
181 where? word info βe With movement    
107 worm (earthworm) ᵐbet      
79 stick/wood ᵐbwareⁿɟa      
136 wind ⁿda:n   1  
13 back word info ⁿdai      
124 sea ⁿdalik Means 'salty water' 1  
125 salt ⁿdalik      
126 lake ⁿdan      
146 ash ⁿdap   1  
186 you ⁿdau (dual)    
186 you ⁿdawe (plural)    
114 leaf ⁿdo   1  
183 thou ⁿdo      
15 bone ⁿdu   2  
68 needle ⁿdu-ᵐbwek      
71 to stab, pierce ⁿdua      
3 right ⁿduhi   24  
166 correct, true ⁿduhẽⁿduk      
24 head ⁿga      
155 long word info ⁿgahlia      
62 thatch/roof ⁿgan-ŋa      
10 dirty ⁿge:k      
167 night ⁿgen      
119 earth/soil ⁿguc      
73 to steal ⁿgune      
43 ear ⁿɟe:na   1  
14 belly ⁿɟic   1  

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