: Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Xârâgurè

Source/Author:  Claire Moyse-Faurie 
Identifiers:  ISO-639-3:axx  Glottocode: xara1243 
Notes:  The Xârâgurè language is spoken on the east cost of the Great Land ('Grande Terre') of New Calédonia, around the Thio district.
The data presented here are coming from the 2014 version of a yet to be published dictionnary Xârâguè-French. Those data have been collected by Claire Moyse-Faurie during two fieldworks in 1977 and 1980. This linguist provided a description of the Xârâcùù language, spoken near the Xârâgurè area.
The source lexicon used here provides an under construction lexicon, as well as a sketch of the Xârâgurè grammar and phonology system.
I personnaly thank Claire Moyse-Faurie for making available to me those precious data.

Methodology :
If for an english word in the list, there are several lexical item including one single lexical unit, a compound (i.e made of several lexical units), or even a word resulting of a derivation, the word being a single lexical unit has been retained before anything else
If more than one word in Xârâgurè has been found for a single english word, some specifications about the use of the different words not being morphological variables have been, when possible, provided in the 'Author annotation' column
The word with the most general meaning have been retained.
If a word that is morphologically dependant and generally attached to an other word, it has been transcribed with a dash before or after word.
If the semantic distinction between several words is not clear, those words have been provided with a comment in the 'Author annotation' column regarding to this lack of semantic distinction. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: David PIEKUT  Checked By:  
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:New Caledonian:Southern:South:Xaracuu-Xaragure 


Change History:

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ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
5 to walk      
8 to turn word info      
16 intestines      
26 hair word info      
28 to breathe      
40 to drink      
45 eye      
46 to see      
54 man/male      
68 needle      
69 to hunt word info      
76 to live, be alive      
79 stick/wood      
80 to split word info      
81 sharp      
82 dull, blunt      
88 to squeeze word info      
100 wing      
104 fat/grease      
105 tail      
122 water word info      
126 lake      
150 yellow      
152 small      
156 thin word info      
157 thick word info      
158 narrow      
159 wide      
178 that      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
206 Ten word info ᵐbaxuru mɛ̃      
189 who? word info -pɛ      
177 this a      
170 when? word info anĩ:      
130 star apɛ̃rɛ̃ⁿda      
164 good axɔru      
195 no, not açi: Marking the negative polarity of a sentence    
137 to blow word info b. ʃuɛ      
161 shy, ashamed cara Means 'to be ashamed'    
87 to swell word info ce:      
92 to open, uncover cũ:      
101 to fly cĩ:      
125 salt cɔ:rɔ      
74 to kill fiãmɛ With a big piece of wood    
196 to count fãrã Also means 'to read' 1  
72 to hit word info fĩwi 'To hit with a stick to make a fruit fall over'    
66 to tie up, fasten fʌi The distinction between those two lexical items is not clear    
91 to buy hãⁿdɨ:      
181 where? word info i The distinction between those two lexical items is not clear    
185 we word info inɛ      
53 person/human being kamũrũ      
151 green kõⁿdɔ Means 'blue, green'    
32 tongue kurumɛ   7, 14  
27 nose kũ      
145 smoke word info kũ      
131 cloud word info   12  
183 thou      
171 to hide word info kɔ:   65  
115 root kɔ:-      
57 husband kɔrɔ      
172 to climb word info kɛ:      
41 to bite kɛkɛ   1  
200 Four word info kɛ̃rɛ̃fɨɛ      
108 louse word info kɨrɨ      
12 skin kʌ̃rʌ̃ The distinction between those two lexical items is not clear 1  
65 rope kʷi:      
133 rain kʷiɛ      
136 wind kʷãⁿdɛ      
58 wife kʷɛ̃:      
83 to work word info mara      
163 new mara Also means 'green as food, uncooked' as well as 'new'    
106 snake marãⁿdi: 'Sea snake', there are no land snake in New Caledonia    
36 to spit mawi      
111 fish maɛ      
23 blood maⁿda      
149 red mea   1  
11 dust meⁿde      
141 wet mi:      
167 night mõ      
38 to chew word info mã: Seems to be related to the activity of chewing some leaf    
97 bird mãⁿdɨ      
140 dry word info mɔrɔ a.    
1 hand   14  
7 to come   1  
113 branch word info mɛ:      
118 grass mɛi      
142 heavy mɛçe:      
192 and mɛ̃   2  
138 warm word info mɛ̃ᵑgi      
139 cold word info mɨ̃:      
49 to lie down word info mʌru      
50 to dream mʌruki This lexical item can be used as a verb or a noun    
48 to sleep mʌruçe      
155 long word info mʷaɛ Given without any further specification    
180 far mʷaɛ      
110 spider mʷãkũã      
33 to laugh mʷãrã      
9 to swim mʷãrĩ (1) 'to swim with the head above the surface of the water'    
129 moon mʷea   52  
9 to swim mʷetɨ (2) 'to swim with the head under the surface of the water'    
61 house mʷã   1  
59 mother mʷĩɲɛ      
30 mouth naxʷã      
63 name ne:      
119 earth/soil neⁿdawa      
186 you niɛ      
31 tooth no      
109 mosquito nõ:      
173 at      
173 at nɔ:      
181 where? word info nɔ:i      
143 fire   46  
124 sea nɛkʷeta:      
127 woods/forest nɛmɔ:      
114 leaf nɛmɛ:      
174 in, inside nɛpwe      
134 thunder nɛtɔ      
128 sky nɛxoa      
20 to know, be knowledgeable nɛxʌ̃      
84 to plant nɛ̃ĩ      
4 leg/foot pa   33  
75 to die, be dead pahi Also means 'to be sick'    
160 painful, sick paji Also means 'to be bead'    
60 father panɛ:      
78 to cut, hack word info para      
85 to choose pi:cɛ      
12 skin pirɛ      
103 meat/flesh piɔ      
47 to yawn po:əa      
19 shoulder pu:mɛ̃      
21 to think punʌ:      
99 feather pũrũ      
116 flower pũrũ      
14 belly pwe      
117 fruit pwã      
148 white pwãrã      
71 to stab, pierce pwɛkɛ This lexical item seems to used with the meaning of 'stabbing an animate entity'    
70 to shoot word info pɔkɛ Means ' to shoot with a rifle'    
73 to steal pɛ̃ⁿdɛ      
120 stone pʌru      
74 to kill ta:mɛ With a knife    
132 fog tika      
96 dog to:ke   92  
86 to grow word info tuɛ The examples provided in the source lexicon for this word only contain vegetable 'growing up'    
51 to sit tũᵐbanɛ: Means 'to sit on something'    
52 to stand tã:      
34 to cry tɛ:i      
190 other we      
25 neck winɔ      
191 all wãnĩ:      
197 One word info xa:      
140 dry word info xamɔrɔ b.    
107 worm (earthworm) xariⁿdɔ:      
146 ash xatɛ   94  
194 how? word info xaɛkɛ:      
10 dirty xãⁿdɨ      
39 to cook word info xutã:      
56 child xũ:ʃĩ      
201 Five word info xã:rɛ̃ mɛ̃      
205 Nine word info xã:rɛ̃ mɛ̃ mɛ̃ kɛ̃rɛ̃fɨɛ      
202 Six word info xã:rɛ̃ mɛ̃ mɛ̃ ʃa:      
203 Seven word info xã:rɛ̃ mɛ̃ mɛ̃ ᵐbaxuru      
204 Eight word info xã:rɛ̃ mɛ̃ mɛ̃ ᵐbaʃe:      
91 to buy xãⁿdɨ:      
98 egg      
2 left xɛ̃ⁿdɛja:   39  
3 right xɛ̃ⁿdɛũrũ   23  
179 near xɨᵐbɛ      
154 short word info xɨᵐbʷɛ      
64 to say xʌ̃      
44 to hear xʷara      
38 to chew word info xʷi: 'to chew, suck some sugar cane'    
43 ear xʷãnɛ      
169 year xʷãⁿda:      
95 to fall word info xʷɛ̃:      
165 bad, evil ça:   1, 99  
153 big çe Means 'big, tall, elder' 125  
195 no, not çi: Means 'no', and 'denial'    
102 rat çi:ᵐbɨ      
71 to stab, pierce çikɛ This lexical item means 'to pierce with a knife' with no further specification of whether it is used for animate or inanimate entities    
195 no, not çiɛ Means 'no', and 'denial'    
121 sand çõkʷe      
66 to tie up, fasten çuru      
89 to hold word info çã:nɛ:      
135 lightning çĩmĩãkatɛ      
93 to pound, beat word info çɔkai      
55 woman/female çɛ̃      
147 black ŋɨ̃rɨ̃   105  
6 road/path ɨfʌ̃ⁿdɔ      
77 to scratch word info ɨkon      
184 he/she ɲĩ      
15 bone ɲĩ:-      
187 they ɲʌ̃rʌ̃      
197 One word info ʃa:      
74 to kill ʃamɛ With a sharp object    
174 in, inside ʃu: The distinction between the use of those two lexical items is not clear    
39 to cook word info ʃutã: b.    
144 to burn word info ʃũrũ      
112 rotten word info ʃə:xu      
83 to work word info ᵐba The distinction between those two lexical items is not clear    
22 to fear ᵐbara      
198 Two word info ᵐbaxuru      
199 Three word info ᵐbaʃe:      
162 old word info ᵐbjɛ̃:rĩ      
29 to sniff, smell ᵐbu:rɛ      
24 head ᵐbʷa      
62 thatch/roof ᵐbʷa:mʷã      
35 to vomit ᵑgowi      
182 I ᵑgɔ      
35 to vomit ᵑgɔ:      
94 to throw word info ᵑgʷere      
90 to dig ᶮɈa      
18 breast ᶮɈi   1  
67 to sew word info ᶮɈipuru      
188 what? word info ᶮɈirɔ:      
123 to flow ᶮɈɔ      
42 to suck ᶮɈɨ      
37 to eat ⁿda   39  
168 day ⁿda:   6  
119 earth/soil ⁿdawa   1  
50 to dream ⁿdomɛ This lexical item is used as a verb    
166 correct, true ⁿdɔ   94  
193 if ⁿdɔ:mɛ      
193 if ⁿdɔ:nʌ̃mɛ      
13 back word info ⁿdə:      
176 below ⁿdɛanʌ̃      
175 above ⁿdɛaxʷɛ      
17 liver ⁿdɛ̃      

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