: Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Sishëë

Source/Author:  LERCARI Claude, 1994 
Identifiers:  ISO-639-3:sih  Glottocode: zire1240 
Notes:  The data entered here have been collected from the book of Claude LERCARI, Textes Sichëë (Nouvelle-Caldonie) : Esquisse phonologique, lexique (1994, Paris: INALCO).
This book provides a phonological and lexical sketch of the Sichëë language, spoken by the tribes on the see side between the Moindou and Bourail villages located on the Main Land ('Grande Terre') of New Caledonia.
The lexicon this book presents is not a dictionnary. It presents Sichëë words translated and define in French, althought the lexicon is not as fine-grained as other scientific lexicons mainly because of the language vitality (this languages, if not extinct already, is severely in danger).
Methodology used here to enter the lexical data :
- The synonymy has been reduced by going through both lexicons.
- When both simple words and compound words are possible in Sichëë to translate a word in the list, we have opted for the simple words (i.e made by only one lexical unit).
- When a word in the list can not be translated by a single general item in Sichëë, some semantic specifications for each one of them have been provided in the 'author annotation' column. 
Problems:  The phonological description Claude Lercari provides is quite clear regarding the consonants and oral vowels systems. However, the nasal vowels system presents an ambiguity : it is not clear which degree of aperture vowel is nasalised. For instance the two oral vowels [e] and [ɛ] with two different degrees of aperture are clearly distinguished, but only one nasal vowel - noted [ê] in the source document - that could be the nasal equivalent of either [e] or [ɛ] is presented. As we do not know clearly which degree of aperture is more likely to have the nasal vowel - the aperture of [e] or [ɛ] -, the words with a [ê] vowel in the source document will transcribed the [e] nasalised and the [ɛ] nasalised. The two possible transcriptions will be then signaled with a slash.
Note that the problem is the same with the two oral vowels [o] and [ɔ] ending up in a single naslasiled vowel we could transcribe either [õ] or [ɔ̃]. The two possible transcriptions will be then signaled with a slash between the two possible transcription for the words with those vowels. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: David PIEKUT  Checked By:  
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:New Caledonian:Southern:South:Zire-Tiri  
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 


Change History:

Showing all of 32 entries


ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
4 leg/foot      
5 to walk      
7 to come      
9 to swim      
10 dirty      
11 dust      
19 shoulder      
25 neck      
27 nose      
28 to breathe      
29 to sniff, smell      
32 tongue      
33 to laugh      
34 to cry      
35 to vomit      
38 to chew word info      
40 to drink      
45 eye      
50 to dream      
57 husband      
58 wife      
67 to sew word info      
68 needle      
69 to hunt word info      
70 to shoot word info      
71 to stab, pierce      
74 to kill      
76 to live, be alive      
80 to split word info      
81 sharp      
82 dull, blunt      
86 to grow word info      
88 to squeeze word info      
89 to hold word info      
93 to pound, beat word info      
96 dog      
98 egg      
101 to fly      
103 meat/flesh      
104 fat/grease      
106 snake      
107 worm (earthworm)      
108 louse word info      
110 spider      
111 fish      
113 branch word info      
117 fruit      
118 grass      
120 stone      
121 sand      
124 sea      
126 lake      
130 star      
131 cloud word info      
133 rain      
135 lightning      
138 warm word info      
146 ash      
147 black      
150 yellow      
151 green      
152 small      
155 long word info      
156 thin word info      
157 thick word info      
158 narrow      
160 painful, sick      
173 at      
176 below      
177 this      
178 that      
180 far      
184 he/she      
187 they      
192 and      
193 if      
194 how? word info      
196 to count      
200 Four word info      
201 Five word info      
202 Six word info      
203 Seven word info      
204 Eight word info      
205 Nine word info      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
54 man/male afã      
17 liver arɛ      
55 woman/female asĩ      
170 when? word info ãni      
37 to eat ãrra      
195 no, not ãɛ 'no'    
22 to fear bara      
112 rotten word info bu seems to be more general and possibly used for a more extended scope of contexts than ҫɤxu:    
43 ear bwanẽrẽ      
43 ear bwanɛ̃rɛ̃      
79 stick/wood bwɛrɛ Means 'piece of wood, like a branch of a tree'    
59 mother cime      
144 to burn word info cuvuru      
36 to spit cuxwãri      
159 wide dara:      
190 other dexa 'another one among some people'    
198 Two word info du   1  
166 correct, true   94  
190 other dɛmwã 'another one/others'    
63 name fãrĩ      
185 we word info gara incl.    
182 I gu   1  
186 you gɔrɔ      
185 we word info gɔva excl.    
183 thou   1  
145 smoke word info ku      
145 smoke word info kũ      
115 root kwɛ:      
134 thunder kɔ̃      
144 to burn word info kɛri:      
90 to dig kɛrɛ The distinction between those two lexical items is not clear in the source lexicon    
77 to scratch word info kɛwɔ:      
75 to die, be dead ma      
48 to sleep ma:wi      
1 hand mãrã   14  
72 to hit word info mãri Means 'to hit with a cane' ('trique', in french)    
66 to tie up, fasten mãɤ This lexical item seems to be the most typical one that conveys the meaning of 'to tie up, fasten'    
149 red mea   1  
141 wet mi:      
168 day mwara      
61 house mwã      
129 moon mwaҫẽ      
129 moon mwaҫɛ̃      
105 tail mwĩ:      
139 cold word info mɔna      
8 to turn word info mɛ:ri      
100 wing mɛba:      
140 dry word info mɛru a. 'dry (as dry coconut for instance)'    
142 heavy mɛʝɯ      
139 cold word info mɯi      
195 no, not na This word marks the negative polarity of a sentence (i.e means 'not')    
52 to stand na:      
109 mosquito naõ      
109 mosquito naɔ̃      
52 to stand naɣa      
30 mouth niaxõ      
30 mouth niaxɔ̃      
14 belly niaҫõ      
14 belly niaҫɔ̃      
114 leaf niõ      
114 leaf niɔ̃      
21 to think nonimi      
84 to plant numu      
44 to hear numwãrã      
21 to think nunimi      
44 to hear nuwãrã      
49 to lie down word info nuwũrũ Means 'to be lying down, in order to rest'    
20 to know, be knowledgeable nuxwai      
171 to hide word info nuɔ      
51 to sit nuʝɔ: 'to be sitting'    
134 thunder nɔrɔ      
143 fire   46  
53 person/human being nɯa      
24 head õr̃õ      
85 to choose pãmĩrĩ      
90 to dig pwãkɛrɛ      
26 hair word info pwãrã      
116 flower pwãrɤ      
60 father pɤa:      
60 father pɤva:      
174 in, inside      
165 bad, evil sa: Used in, for instance, 'bad, prohibited food'    
78 to cut, hack word info sha Means 'to cut, to notch wood'    
206 Ten word info si xuru xɔ      
102 rat si:pɯ      
191 all sĩ Used for objects    
127 woods/forest sĩnɔ:      
179 near sĩxũwɔ      
94 to throw word info siҫẽ      
94 to throw word info siҫɛ̃      
125 salt sɔ:rɔ      
66 to tie up, fasten sɔi This lexical item conveys two meaning 'to tie up' and 'to be agonizing'    
132 fog sɔu:      
13 back word info tiõ      
13 back word info tiɔ̃      
91 to buy toaҫi      
137 to blow word info      
142 heavy u      
92 to open, uncover umiã      
16 intestines ũrũ      
46 to see va      
64 to say vãrã      
73 to steal vẽru      
99 feather vẽrũ      
31 tooth virixõ      
31 tooth virixɔ̃      
87 to swell word info vu      
73 to steal vɛ̃ru      
99 feather vɛ̃rũ      
172 to climb word info vɯrɯ      
65 rope wi   25  
137 to blow word info wisa b.    
136 wind wɛʝɯ      
3 right xaru   87  
164 good xaru   55  
36 to spit xãri      
37 to eat xãrra      
163 new xãvane      
175 above xõ      
169 year xõda      
2 left xõrõmi   21  
6 road/path xõrõvɛ      
83 to work word info xũ      
148 white xɔva      
56 child xɔwari      
175 above xɔ̃      
169 year xɔ̃da      
2 left xɔ̃rɔ̃mi   21  
6 road/path xɔ̃rɔ̃vɛ      
56 child xɤwari      
161 shy, ashamed xɯ̃rɯ̃ Means 'to be ashamed'    
12 skin ŋõrõ      
62 thatch/roof ŋũ      
128 sky ŋũrũ-ara      
167 night ŋɔ̃rõ      
12 skin ŋɔ̃rɔ̃      
167 night ŋɔ̃rɔ̃      
144 to burn word info ŋɛ̃      
23 blood ɔfẽ      
23 blood ɔfɛ̃      
24 head ɔ̃rɔ̃      
181 where? word info ɛrɛ      
41 to bite ɛɣɛrɛ      
189 who? word info ɟa      
119 earth/soil ɟaraxɔ      
188 what? word info ɟe      
18 breast ɟi   1  
42 to suck ɟui      
123 to flow ɟɔ      
153 big ɟɯ:      
47 to yawn ɤa      
30 mouth ɲaxɔ̃      
97 bird ɲãri      
30 mouth ɲãxõ      
95 to fall word info ɲãxɛ      
15 bone ɲõ      
162 old word info ɲõrõ      
15 bone ɲɔ̃      
162 old word info ɲɔ̃rɔ̃      
39 to cook word info ɲɯ a.    
51 to sit ʝɔ: 'to be sitting'    
191 all ҫau Used for human beings    
197 One word info ҫãe      
154 short word info ҫãva b.    
199 Three word info ҫiri      
112 rotten word info ҫɤxu:      
122 water word info ҫʌ:      

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