: Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Sishëë

Source/Author:  LERCARI Claude, 1994 
Identifiers:  ISO-639-3:sih  Glottocode: zire1240 
Notes:  The data entered here have been collected from the book of Claude LERCARI, Textes Sichëë (Nouvelle-Caldonie) : Esquisse phonologique, lexique (1994, Paris: INALCO).
This book provides a phonological and lexical sketch of the Sichëë language, spoken by the tribes on the see side between the Moindou and Bourail villages located on the Main Land ('Grande Terre') of New Caledonia.
The lexicon this book presents is not a dictionnary. It presents Sichëë words translated and define in French, althought the lexicon is not as fine-grained as other scientific lexicons mainly because of the language vitality (this languages, if not extinct already, is severely in danger).
Methodology used here to enter the lexical data :
- The synonymy has been reduced by going through both lexicons.
- When both simple words and compound words are possible in Sichëë to translate a word in the list, we have opted for the simple words (i.e made by only one lexical unit).
- When a word in the list can not be translated by a single general item in Sichëë, some semantic specifications for each one of them have been provided in the 'author annotation' column. 
Problems:  The phonological description Claude Lercari provides is quite clear regarding the consonants and oral vowels systems. However, the nasal vowels system presents an ambiguity : it is not clear which degree of aperture vowel is nasalised. For instance the two oral vowels [e] and [ɛ] with two different degrees of aperture are clearly distinguished, but only one nasal vowel - noted [ê] in the source document - that could be the nasal equivalent of either [e] or [ɛ] is presented. As we do not know clearly which degree of aperture is more likely to have the nasal vowel - the aperture of [e] or [ɛ] -, the words with a [ê] vowel in the source document will transcribed the [e] nasalised and the [ɛ] nasalised. The two possible transcriptions will be then signaled with a slash.
Note that the problem is the same with the two oral vowels [o] and [ɔ] ending up in a single naslasiled vowel we could transcribe either [õ] or [ɔ̃]. The two possible transcriptions will be then signaled with a slash between the two possible transcription for the words with those vowels. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: David PIEKUT  Checked By:  
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:New Caledonian:Southern:South:Zire-Tiri  


Change History:

Showing all of 32 entries


ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
175 above xõ      
175 above xɔ̃      
191 all ҫau Used for human beings    
191 all sĩ Used for objects    
192 and      
146 ash      
173 at      
13 back word info tiõ      
13 back word info tiɔ̃      
165 bad, evil sa: Used in, for instance, 'bad, prohibited food'    
14 belly niaҫõ      
14 belly niaҫɔ̃      
176 below      
153 big ɟɯ:      
97 bird ɲãri      
147 black      
23 blood ɔfẽ      
23 blood ɔfɛ̃      
15 bone ɲõ      
15 bone ɲɔ̃      
113 branch word info      
18 breast ɟi   1  
56 child xɤwari      
56 child xɔwari      
131 cloud word info      
139 cold word info mɔna      
139 cold word info mɯi      
166 correct, true   94  
168 day mwara      
10 dirty      
96 dog      
140 dry word info mɛru a. 'dry (as dry coconut for instance)'    
82 dull, blunt      
11 dust      
43 ear bwanẽrẽ      
43 ear bwanɛ̃rɛ̃      
119 earth/soil ɟaraxɔ      
98 egg      
204 Eight word info      
45 eye      
180 far      
104 fat/grease      
60 father pɤa:      
60 father pɤva:      
99 feather vɛ̃rũ      
99 feather vẽrũ      
208 Fifty word info      
143 fire   46  
111 fish      
201 Five word info      
116 flower pwãrɤ      
132 fog sɔu:      
200 Four word info      
117 fruit      
164 good xaru   55  
118 grass      
151 green      
26 hair word info pwãrã      
1 hand mãrã   14  
184 he/she      
24 head õr̃õ      
24 head ɔ̃rɔ̃      
142 heavy u      
142 heavy mɛʝɯ      
61 house mwã      
194 how? word info      
57 husband      
182 I gu   1  
193 if      
174 in, inside      
16 intestines ũrũ      
126 lake      
114 leaf niɔ̃      
114 leaf niõ      
2 left xɔ̃rɔ̃mi   21  
2 left xõrõmi   21  
4 leg/foot      
135 lightning      
17 liver arɛ      
155 long word info      
108 louse word info      
54 man/male afã      
103 meat/flesh      
129 moon mwaҫẽ      
129 moon mwaҫɛ̃      
109 mosquito naõ      
109 mosquito naɔ̃      
59 mother cime      
30 mouth niaxõ      
30 mouth niaxɔ̃      
30 mouth ɲãxõ      
30 mouth ɲaxɔ̃      
63 name fãrĩ      
158 narrow      
179 near sĩxũwɔ      
25 neck      
68 needle      
163 new xãvane      
167 night ŋɔ̃rõ      
167 night ŋɔ̃rɔ̃      
205 Nine word info      
195 no, not ãɛ 'no'    
195 no, not na This word marks the negative polarity of a sentence (i.e means 'not')    
27 nose      
162 old word info ɲɔ̃rɔ̃      
162 old word info ɲõrõ      
197 One word info ҫãe      
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
190 other dɛmwã 'another one/others'    
190 other dexa 'another one among some people'    
160 painful, sick      
53 person/human being nɯa      
133 rain      
102 rat si:pɯ      
149 red mea   1  
3 right xaru   87  
6 road/path xõrõvɛ      
6 road/path xɔ̃rɔ̃vɛ      
115 root kwɛ:      
65 rope wi   25  
112 rotten word info bu seems to be more general and possibly used for a more extended scope of contexts than ҫɤxu:    
112 rotten word info ҫɤxu:      
125 salt sɔ:rɔ      
121 sand      
124 sea      
203 Seven word info      
81 sharp      
154 short word info ҫãva b.    
19 shoulder      
161 shy, ashamed xɯ̃rɯ̃ Means 'to be ashamed'    
202 Six word info      
12 skin ŋõrõ      
12 skin ŋɔ̃rɔ̃      
128 sky ŋũrũ-ara      
152 small      
145 smoke word info kũ      
145 smoke word info ku      
106 snake      
110 spider      
130 star      
79 stick/wood bwɛrɛ Means 'piece of wood, like a branch of a tree'    
120 stone      
105 tail mwĩ:      
206 Ten word info si xuru xɔ      
178 that      
62 thatch/roof ŋũ      
187 they      
157 thick word info      
156 thin word info      
177 this      
183 thou   1  
199 Three word info ҫiri      
134 thunder kɔ̃      
134 thunder nɔrɔ      
41 to bite ɛɣɛrɛ      
137 to blow word info wisa b.    
137 to blow word info      
28 to breathe      
144 to burn word info cuvuru      
144 to burn word info kɛri:      
144 to burn word info ŋɛ̃      
91 to buy toaҫi      
38 to chew word info      
85 to choose pãmĩrĩ      
172 to climb word info vɯrɯ      
7 to come      
39 to cook word info ɲɯ a.    
196 to count      
34 to cry      
78 to cut, hack word info sha Means 'to cut, to notch wood'    
75 to die, be dead ma      
90 to dig kɛrɛ The distinction between those two lexical items is not clear in the source lexicon    
90 to dig pwãkɛrɛ      
50 to dream      
40 to drink      
37 to eat ãrra      
37 to eat xãrra      
95 to fall word info ɲãxɛ      
22 to fear bara      
123 to flow ɟɔ      
101 to fly      
86 to grow word info      
44 to hear numwãrã      
44 to hear nuwãrã      
171 to hide word info nuɔ      
72 to hit word info mãri Means 'to hit with a cane' ('trique', in french)    
89 to hold word info      
69 to hunt word info      
74 to kill      
20 to know, be knowledgeable nuxwai      
33 to laugh      
49 to lie down word info nuwũrũ Means 'to be lying down, in order to rest'    
76 to live, be alive      
92 to open, uncover umiã      
84 to plant numu      
93 to pound, beat word info      
64 to say vãrã      
77 to scratch word info kɛwɔ:      
46 to see va      
67 to sew word info      
70 to shoot word info      
51 to sit ʝɔ: 'to be sitting'    
51 to sit nuʝɔ: 'to be sitting'    
48 to sleep ma:wi      
29 to sniff, smell      
36 to spit cuxwãri      
36 to spit xãri      
80 to split word info      
88 to squeeze word info      
71 to stab, pierce      
52 to stand naɣa      
52 to stand na:      
73 to steal vɛ̃ru      
73 to steal vẽru      
42 to suck ɟui      
87 to swell word info vu      
9 to swim      
21 to think nonimi      
21 to think nunimi      
94 to throw word info siҫẽ      
94 to throw word info siҫɛ̃      
66 to tie up, fasten mãɤ This lexical item seems to be the most typical one that conveys the meaning of 'to tie up, fasten'    
66 to tie up, fasten sɔi This lexical item conveys two meaning 'to tie up' and 'to be agonizing'    
8 to turn word info mɛ:ri      
35 to vomit      
5 to walk      
83 to work word info xũ      
47 to yawn ɤa      
32 tongue      
31 tooth virixõ      
31 tooth virixɔ̃      
207 Twenty word info      
198 Two word info du   1  
138 warm word info      
122 water word info ҫʌ:      
185 we word info gara incl.    
185 we word info gɔva excl.    
141 wet mi:      
188 what? word info ɟe      
170 when? word info ãni      
181 where? word info ɛrɛ      
148 white xɔva      
189 who? word info ɟa      
159 wide dara:      
58 wife      
136 wind wɛʝɯ      
100 wing mɛba:      
55 woman/female asĩ      
127 woods/forest sĩnɔ:      
107 worm (earthworm)      
169 year xɔ̃da      
169 year xõda      
150 yellow      
186 you gɔrɔ      

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