: Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Uma (Kantewu dialect)

Source/Author:  Martens, Michael 
Identifiers:  ISO-639-3:ppk  Glottocode: umaa1242 
Notes:  This is Kantewu (Central) dialect Uma. Other Uma dialects are Southern, Toleeʔ, Tobaku, and Winatu-Toriʔuntu. 
Problems:  I will use ʔ for glottal stop; β for bilabial fricative; č for alveo-palatal affricate (always prenasalized); j for voiced alveo-palatal affricate (i.e., like English j); ŋ for velar nasal; ñ for alveo-palatal nasal. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Michael P. Martens  Checked By:  
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Celebic:Kaili-Pamona:Southern 


Change History:

Showing all of 2 entries


ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
70 to shoot word info - bow and arrow not used; but the term panaʔ is used of hurling something (rock, stick), and the term saku is used of hurling a spear    
182 I akuʔ      
56 child anaʔ      
193 if ane      
143 fire apu      
62 thatch/roof ataʔ      
17 liver ate      
11 dust aβu same as #146 'ash'    
146 ash aβu same as #11 'dust'    
10 dirty baboʔ      
81 sharp bakaʔ sharp edge    
103 meat/flesh bauʔ meat/fish (as food)    
111 fish bauʔ meat in general but often used for fish    
140 dry word info baŋi      
92 to open, uncover bea open a door    
80 to split word info beho split wood for firewood    
194 how? word info beiβa      
41 to bite benčiʔ      
130 star betueʔ      
167 night beŋi      
80 to split word info bikaʔ split something lengthwise    
196 to count bilaʔ perhaps a borrowing from Malay    
153 big bohe      
104 fat/grease boko layer of fat under skin (especially of pigs)    
163 new boʔu      
110 spider bukaoʔ      
148 white bula      
165 bad, evil dadaʔa      
97 bird danči      
165 bad, evil daʔa      
96 dog dikeʔ Obsolete form (ahu) still used as verb to hunt; cf. 69.    
154 short word info diŋkiʔ (a.)    
198 Two word info dua independent form    
168 day eo      
44 to hear epe      
29 to sniff, smell eŋaʔ      
132 fog gaβu fog or haze    
34 to cry geoʔ      
197 One word info ha- bound form    
206 Ten word info hampuluʔ      
210 One Thousand word info hančobu      
63 name haŋaʔ      
209 One Hundred word info haʔatu      
191 all haβeʔea      
189 who? word info hema      
173 at hi      
175 above hi lolo      
174 in, inside hi rala      
176 below hi uneʔ      
181 where? word info hiapa      
46 to see hilo      
187 they hiraʔ      
184 he/she hiʔa      
92 to open, uncover huŋkaʔ open a lid    
92 to open, uncover huŋke remove a soft cover (cloth, leaf)    
84 to plant huʔa to plant a seed or seedling    
103 meat/flesh ihi flesh as body part    
183 thou iko      
105 tail iku      
20 to know, be knowledgeable inča      
197 One word info isaʔ independent form    
71 to stab, pierce jalo stab with knife, spear    
68 needle jaru probably a borrowing from Malay    
32 tongue jilaʔ      
42 to suck jomeʔ      
158 narrow jopiʔ      
90 to dig kae dig with hands    
185 we word info kaiʔ excl.    
38 to chew word info kajaʔ to chew food    
79 stick/wood kaju No term for 'stick'; kaju = wood/tree; raʔa = branch    
89 to hold word info kamu      
77 to scratch word info kao      
38 to chew word info kaŋiaʔ to make chewing motions    
3 right kaʔana   1, 73  
152 small kediʔ      
90 to dig keke dig with tool    
13 back word info kelo lower back    
135 lightning kilaʔ      
107 worm (earthworm) kilinoro      
185 we word info kitaʔ incl.    
2 left kiʔii   1, 42  
186 you koiʔ      
65 rope koloro      
109 mosquito koromuʔ      
118 grass koβoʔ      
12 skin kuluma      
134 thunder kuna      
108 louse word info kutu      
128 sky laŋiʔ      
48 to sleep letaʔ      
94 to throw word info libaʔ throw overhand    
201 Five word info lima      
208 Fifty word info limampuluʔ      
131 cloud word info limuʔ      
132 fog limuʔ ŋkuku low cloud    
164 good lompeʔ Tolee', Winatu-Toriʔuntu dialects: beloʔ (of which lompeʔ is an irregular metathesis)    
166 correct, true ma-kono ma- prefix    
172 to climb word info ma-nakeʔ ma- prefix    
73 to steal ma-nako ma- prefix    
5 to walk makoʔ      
45 eye mata      
75 to die, be dead mate      
36 to spit me-tiliku me- prefix    
161 shy, ashamed me-ʔeaʔ me- prefix    
22 to fear me-ʔekaʔ me- prefix    
101 to fly meli-moko      
83 to work word info mo-bago generic    
67 to sew word info mo-dau mo- prefix    
51 to sit mo-hura mo- prefix    
52 to stand mo-kore mo - prefix    
82 dull, blunt mo-kuluʔ mo- prefix    
157 thick word info mo-kumpa precise term for 'thick' but rarely used.    
150 yellow mo-kuni mo- prefix    
180 far mo-laa mo- prefix    
155 long word info mo-laŋa mo- prefix    
149 red mo-lei mo- prefix    
139 cold word info mo-leŋiʔ mo- prefix    
151 green mo-leβue mo- prefix    
83 to work word info mo-liaʔ agricultural work    
93 to pound, beat word info mo-mañu mo- prefix. Protoform < *bayu    
9 to swim mo-naŋu mo- prefix    
95 to fall word info mo-naβuʔ mo- prefix    
138 warm word info mo-raniʔ mo- prefix    
156 thin word info mo-reniʔ mo- prefix    
157 thick word info mo-roho 'strong' but commonly used for 'thick'    
141 wet mo-siiʔ mo- prefix    
142 heavy mo-tomo mo- prefix    
69 to hunt word info mo-ʔahu mo- prefix on archaic term for 'dog'    
147 black mo-ʔeta mo- prefix    
123 to flow mo-ʔili mo- prefix    
28 to breathe mo-ʔinohaʔ mo- prefix; perhaps the root contains a frozen -in- infix    
50 to dream mo-ʔompoʔ mo- prefix    
159 wide mo-βelaʔ mo- prefix    
87 to swell word info mo-βoto mo- prefix; βoto 'body'    
179 near mohuʔ      
47 to yawn moñaʔ      
169 year mpae      
66 to tie up, fasten mpo-hooʔ mpo- prefix. Note: there are MANY terms for tying; this is the most common response and is somewhat generic.    
171 to hide word info mpo-βuni mpo- prefix    
39 to cook word info mpoka-tahaʔ 'cause to be cooked/ripe'    
188 what? word info napa      
101 to fly ngkali-moko      
190 other ntaniʔ      
98 egg ntolu      
170 when? word info ntoʔuma      
6 road/path ohea      
91 to buy oli      
127 woods/forest oma former garden regrown into forest    
191 all omea      
202 Six word info ono      
200 Four word info opoʔ      
27 nose oŋe      
192 and paiʔ      
1 hand pale   52  
100 wing paniʔ      
72 to hit word info paoʔ There are several terms for hitting; this is the most common.    
74 to kill patehi      
88 to squeeze word info peaʔ      
160 painful, sick pedaʔ hurt; painful; sick    
21 to think pekiri borrowing from Malay    
85 to choose pelihi      
203 Seven word info pitu      
125 salt poiʔ      
127 woods/forest ponulu forest near village    
112 rotten word info pope      
78 to cut, hack word info puaʔ      
23 blood raaʔ      
115 root raliʔ      
126 lake rano   1  
7 to come rata      
114 leaf rau      
145 smoke word info raŋahu      
113 branch word info raʔa      
154 short word info redeʔ (b.)    
198 Two word info ro- bound form    
207 Twenty word info rompuluʔ      
42 to suck sihiʔ      
205 Nine word info sio   5  
144 to burn word info suβe burn off a field    
104 fat/grease tabaʔ fat around inner organs    
124 sea tahiʔ      
81 sharp taja pointy tip    
119 earth/soil tanaʔ      
53 person/human being tauna root is tau; 3rd sg possessive -na is almost always used with it    
14 belly taʔi      
16 intestines taʔi liko lit., 'coiled stomach'    
33 to laugh taβa      
35 to vomit te-luaʔ te- prefix    
94 to throw word info teneʔ throw underhand (more generic)    
178 that tetu proximal.    
18 breast tiiʔ in Toleeʔ & Tobaku dialects: suhu    
43 ear tiliŋa      
59 mother tina      
55 woman/female tobine to- means 'person' 1, 41  
58 wife tobine same as 'woman' but a possessive is used if it means wife    
178 that toe distal.    
178 that toheʔe distal.    
177 this toheʔi      
71 to stab, pierce tohuʔ stab with pointy object like awl, needle    
177 this toi      
199 Three word info tolu      
54 man/male tomane to- means 'person'    
57 husband tomane same as 'man' but a possessive pronoun is used if it means husband    
61 house tomi      
13 back word info toŋoʔ generic    
60 father tuama      
84 to plant tujaʔ to plant seeds using a dibble stick    
144 to burn word info tunu burn/roast    
49 to lie down word info turu      
162 old word info tuʔa      
137 to blow word info tuβuiʔ blow (with the mouth) on a fire    
76 to live, be alive tuβuʔ same as 86 'to grow'    
86 to grow word info tuβuʔ same as 76 'to live'    
133 rain uda      
122 water word info ue      
106 snake ule      
64 to say uliʔ      
195 no, not uma      
111 fish uru specific of fish    
40 to drink ŋ-inu ŋ- prefix    
37 to eat ŋ-koniʔ ŋ- prefix    
30 mouth ŋaŋa interior of mouth    
31 tooth ŋihiʔ      
136 wind ŋoluʔ      
8 to turn word info βaleo      
204 Eight word info βalu      
127 woods/forest βanaʔ virgin forest    
120 stone βatu      
8 to turn word info βeo      
4 leg/foot βitiʔ   5  
19 shoulder βiŋa      
30 mouth βiβi outer, specifically the lips    
24 head βooʔ      
121 sand βoʔone      
117 fruit βuaʔ      
137 to blow word info βui blow (of wind)    
15 bone βuku      
129 moon βula   1  
102 rat βulehuʔ      
99 feather βulu same term for furr, hair    
26 hair word info βulu βooʔ 'hair of head'    
25 neck βurokoʔ      
116 flower βuŋa      

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